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Satellite dish orientation

 

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Here to "flat antenna"

1. Adjusting the axis

Most dishes can be adjusted separately in both directions.

1.1 Adjusting the east-west direction (vertical axis) Prinzipal

Every day, the sun moves across the sky. At one point during each day, it is shining directly from the same direction than the Satellite. The aim of this web site is to give the exact time for when the dish must be turned around its vertical axis to point directly towards the sun.

1.2 Instructions for adjusting the east-west direction

Fixierung vom SeilFixierung vom Seil

1) A line in the middle of the dish dividing the it from top to bottom can be imagined (vertical mirror axis). This line can be found by drawing a perpendicular or by using marks and screws in die middle of the dish. On the middle line on top point A must be marked and in the lower part point D. s. Drawing.

2) A line or bar (dotted line) must be fixed exactly on top of the dish (point A).

3) The second end must be fixed in the middle of the LNB (receiver = point B).

4) At the time given by this webpage the dish must be turned in east-west direction so that it points to the sun. This is the case when the line/bar casts its shadow exactly on point C.

5) Now this axis is exactly adjusted and can be fixed by the screws. The line/bar should be removed.

Skizz von den Achsen der Schüssel Skizz von den Achsen der Schüssel

Skizz von den Achsen der Schüssel

1.3 Adjusting the up-down direction (horizontal axis)

In the easiest case this axis can be adjusted according the manual by using a scale. On the dish.

If this isn’t working properly the following steps can be taken.

1.3.1 Instructions for adjusting the horizontal axis

The following work can be carried out before mounting the dish.

1) This Webpage gives the elevation of the satellite over the horizon = angle Beta. This angle will be drawn on a 10cm x 10cm cardboard (blue) as shown in the drawing below. A line/thread must be fixed.

2) The line must be fixed be a finger to the middle of the LNB (receiver). The cardboard must be displaced along the middle line until the line is in parallel to the angle Beta.

3) In this position the middle of the cardboard is pointing to point C. It should be marked at the rear side of the dish.

4) After mounting the dish, it must be turned around the horizontal axis until the tangent at point C is vertical. This can be verified by using a water level.

5) Now this axis is exactly adjusted and can be fixed by the screws. Ready.

Skizz von den Achsen der Schüssel

2. Winter- summertime

The result is given in wintertime. If the clocks are currently giving summertime, one hour must be added to the result.

3. LNB-Skew

For best results the LNB should be turned around the stated skew angle. The turning direction is here defined as follows: The Satellite in the Back with a look on the dish and the LNB: positive angles mean turn the LNB counter clockwise. Negative angles mean turn the LNB clockwise. Accuracy is not important, so an error of a few degrees won't make a big difference. A satellite ASTRA 19,2 ease is an exception since it is sending a Signal witch is already turned around -7°. This must be subtracted from the stated Skew angle. Skew

 

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